Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC)
HMIC's second assessment of the Police Effectiveness, Efficiency and Legitimacy (PEEL) report outlines how we are keeping people safe and reducing crime. Stop and search was part of the legitimacy inspection and you can access the full report on the HMIC website.
Gwent Police was subject to a HMIC PEEL Inspection in 2015 and stop and search was reviewed as part of that Inspection. The inspection involved workshops with operational staff and various interviews and reviews of our current processes.
The reports were finalised and published in February 2016 and Gwent was graded overall as “Good”. An area for improvement was identified in that the Force should ensure that stop and search records include sufficient reasonable grounds to justify the lawful use of the power, and that officers fully understand the grounds required to stop and search. This has been taken forward with a comprehensive training programme for all operational staff and supervisors.
Best Use of Stop Search (BUSS)
BUSS is a Home Office initiative introduced in 2014. The principal aims of the scheme are to achieve greater transparency, community involvement in the use of stop and search powers and to support a more intelligence led approach, leading to better outcomes, for example, an increase in the stop and search to positive outcome ratio.
All 43 Police Forces in England and Wales have voluntarily signed up.
Features of BUSS
- Recording and publishing outcomes
- Providing opportunities for the public to observe stop and search encounters
- Implementing a community trigger for complaints
- Amendment to authorisation levels for searches under section 60 Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994
- Monitoring the use of stop and search powers
Gwent Police has been fully compliant with the scheme since its introduction.
Fair and Effective use of Stop and Search
The College of Policing has developed a definition of fair and effective stop and search in collaboration with police practitioners, Force senior officers and the National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC) lead for stop and search.
A stop and search is most likely to be fair and effective when:
- The search is justified, lawful and stands up to public scrutiny
- The Officer has genuine and objectively reasonable suspicion that s/he will find a prohibited article or item for use in crime
- The person understands why they have been searched and feels that they have been treated with respect
- The search is necessary and is the most proportionate method the Police Officer can use to establish whether the person has such an item
Four core elements underpin the definition:
- The decision to stop and / or search a person must be fair
- The search must be legal in basis and in application
- Interaction with the public during the encounter must be professional
- Police use of stop and search powers must be transparent and accountable